Changing the current education policy with the new education policy-2020 is a great step taken by the govt.
The framework revealed in the New Education Policy in-2020 is very practical.
So the course will confine to the core issues. Along with this, knowledge items and Skill Development will also be added.
Courses in higher education will design in such a way that students will be able to change the course in between. And under this, a target is to increase the gross enrollment rate of higher education to 50 percent by 2035. Currently, this rate is 26 percent.
Changes In National Education Policy After Three And A Half Decades:
The name of the ‘Ministry of Human Resource Development’ will change to the ‘Ministry of Education’. The name of the ‘Ministry of Education’ was changed in 1985.
A standard will also set for institutes to charge a fee for a course. So the maximum fee structure for every course will fix. Both private and government institutions will come under its ambit.
Important Changes In National Education Policy-2020:
1. Single Entrance
Empowering knowledge, wisdom, and professional education, and try to bring education in the reach of everyone. So for this, there will be a single entrance exam for all universities. So a single entrance will save both the time and money of the students.
2. Non-Educational Activities
The decision taken to remove teachers from non-educational activities in the new education policy is the right step. For the past many years, teacher organizations have been demanding this.
Because applying teachers in non-academic tasks is a big disadvantage for education. So it can assume that now teachers will be able to do teaching work more efficiently. So they will not burden with unnecessary tasks.
3. Right to Education Act
The decision to implement the ‘Right to Education Act’ up to class 12 is great. Because till now this system is applicable only up to class 8.
4. Mother Tongue
With the system of providing education in the mother tongue to the children up to the fifth grade. And this a big change in the structure of school education. At the same time, many required amendments have been made at the level of higher education.
5. Need To Pay Attention On Some Things:
The most notable aspect of the new education policy is that it has been targeted to spend 6% of GDP on education. Our policy-makers should also be aware that no matter how good a policy is, it becomes successful only when its enforcers show dedication towards it.
In fact, as much attention should be paid to providing qualified teachers. So the same should also be given to improve the reading and learning environment in schools and universities.
5. Uniform Standard
By 2022, the ‘National Council for Technical Education (NCTE)’ has been entrusted with the task of preparing uniform standards for the ‘National Professional Standard for Teachers’.
Now students without doing M.Phil. will be able to go to the P.H.D. program.
The minimum degree B.Ed for teachers will be for a duration of four years. The two-year degree of B.Ed will get those graduate students who have studied for four years in a particular subject.
Students who have obtained an M.A. degree along with a four-year graduate study will get a B.Ed degree in one year only. But he will only be a teacher of a particular subject.
The B.Ed program will include methods of pedagogy. So this will make students mastered basic education, literacy, numeracy, multilevel teaching, and assessment.
The Kasturirangan Committee had recommended including teachers’ training and education programs. It will at the level of universities or colleges to improve the training of teachers. The cabinet has approved it.
The new education policy has made the entire system of higher education flexible. But at the same time, strict standards of quality have been set in higher education.
On the one hand, while colleges, universities, and other educational institutions will be free from the shackles. So it will pave the way for students to get an education according to their needs.
Three-year compulsory B.A. In lieu of, students will get a degree every year. And for some reason, those who leave in between will also allow starting again according to their convenience.
Certificate For Every Year’s Education:
Under the new education policy-2020, the students have got the most convenience as an opportunity to leave their studies (if for any reason) and start again.
Instead of a compulsory degree course of three years, now students will get a certificate of studies every year.
Those who have completed a one-year B.A. will get certificates. An advanced diploma after two years of studies and a bachelor’s degree will get who complete three years of studies.
At the same time, students who leave after one year or two years for some reason will get the facility to continue further studies after an interval of time.
New System Of Affiliation:
The new policy has also drastically changed the existing system of higher education. Under this, gradually the system of affiliation of colleges with universities will abolish and they will be made autonomous institutes.
After the next 15 years, no college will get affiliation. It will either be autonomous or will be under a university.
Along with this, the ‘Higher Education Committee of India’ will form to regularize higher education and ensure quality. This commission will take care of the quality and regulation of higher education except for law and medical education.
New Education Policy-2020 In A Revolutionary Framework:
So far, we study till B.A. according to (10 + 2 + 3) framework. But under the new education policy-2020 (5 + 3 + 3 + 4) framework will be arranged.
Local references and languages will get a full place in the new education policy. So in its favor, it is suggested to teach in the local language up to class V in the school.
This education policy identifies contemporary digital and technological changes and connects education with them.
Utilizing the digital rising, making new inventions possible with education and technology, making a position in the highly competitive world of knowledge, emphasizing interdisciplinary acquisition and supporting research according to social needs, as well as skill development to promote.
It has some very original and bright points. With this, the structure of education becomes world-class.
This is the modern era of education. But the experience of many universities of the world also suggests that this new education policy-2020 can be fruitful only when its educational institutions are expected to be autonomous and sufficiently funded.
And this is the weakest link in this policy. There is a strong emphasis on the privatization of education. While education in a country like ours can still be successful only with adequate government funding.
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