Reading the biography of Abdul Kalam is one of the pleasant feelings in itself. APJ Kalam (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam) was an Aerospace Scientist. Let’s start reading the biography of kalam…
He joined the Indian Defense Department after completing graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology.
He was at the central point in the development program of the country’s nuclear capabilities and became a national hero in 1998 after a series of successful tests. Kalam served the country as the 11th President of India with effect from 2002 to 2007. Reading the biography of Abdul kalam may be a life-changing event for you.
APJ Abdul Kalam Education:
Lt. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam popularly known as ‘Missile Man Of India’ was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameswaram, Ramnad District, Madras, India into a Muslim family.
Despite being middle-class – his father built and leased boats – Kalam was a bright student who showed his skills in science and arithmetic. He attended Physics and Aerospace Engineering at St. Joseph’s College and earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from Madras Institute of Technology.
Life Introduction Of APJ Abdul Kalam:
After doing graduate from Madras Institute of Technology in 1960, Dr. Kalam became a member of (DRDS) as a scientist at the Aeronautical Development Foundation of the Defense Research and Development Organization (Press Information Bureau, Government of India).
He spent four decades of his life as a scientist and science administrator, especially in (DRDO) and also the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), and was deeply involved in India’s civil program and military missile development efforts.
His hopes of becoming a combat pilot were dashed when he missed a chance with the Indian Air Force. He then joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1958 as a senior scientific assistant.
After joining the newly formed Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969, he was named the project director of the 1st satellite SLV-III. Launched a vehicle designed and built on Indian soil.
He thus became called the ‘Missile Man of India’ for his work on the technological development of ballistic missiles and launch vehicle technology.
Kalam played a vital organizational, technical and political role in India’s 2nd Pokhran nuclear test in 1998, the primary since the first nuclear test by India in 1974.
APJ Abdul Kalam As A President Of India (from 2002 to 2007):
Kalam won the election of the 11th President of India as a successor to KR Narayanan. He won the 2002 presidential election with 922,884 votes, by defeating Lakshmi Sehgal. His tenure ran from 25 July 2002 to 25 July 2007.
In June 2002, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which was in power in India at that time, expressed publicly to nominate Dr. Kalam for the presidency, and both the Samajwadi Party and therefore the Nationalist Congress Party supported his candidature for the next President of India.
After the Samajwadi Party announced its support for Kalam, KR Narayanan didn’t leave this post and seek a second term.
On June 18, Kalam together with Atal Bihari Vajpayee and his senior cabinet colleagues filed their nomination papers in the Parliament of India.
11th President of India:
Kalam became the 11th President of the Republic of India. After taking oath on 25 July moved to Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Abdul Kalam was the third President of India who got the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor before becoming President of India after Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr. Zakir Hussain (1963). He was also the first Indian scientist and first graduate who occupy the presidency.
During the period as president, he was dearly called the People’s President, after signing the office of the foremost difficult decision he had taken during his time period.
Article 72 of the Constitution of India gives the power to the President of India to grant pardon and suspend or appreciate the death sentence of the convicts on the execution.
APJ Abdul Kalam Controversial Decision:
Kalam served only 1 mercy petition during his five-year term as president, rejecting the petition of rapist Dhananjay Chatterjee, who was later hanged.
Perhaps the foremost notable argument was that of Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri terrorist who was convicted for an attack on the Indian Parliament in December 2001 and given the death penalty by the Supreme Court of India in 2004.
On 20 October 2006, he died as a result of pending action on his mercy petition. He also took one more controversial decision to bring down President’s decree in Bihar in 2005.
In September 2003, at PGI Chandigarh, Dr. Kalam supported the necessity for a Uniform Civil Code in the country keeping in mind the population of the country.
On 20 June 2007, When his tenure was about to end, Kalam expressed a desire to be the President in the second term. But after two days, he decided not to go to participate again in the presidential election.
After stepping down in 2007, Kalam became a visiting professor at several universities. He formed “What Can I Give Movement” in 2011 with the goal of creating a compassionate society.
APJ Abdul Kalam Books:
1. Wings of Fire: An Autobiography
2. India 2020: A Vision for the New Millennium
3. The Luminous Sparks: A Biography in Verse and Colours
4. Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Power within India
5. The mission of India: A Vision of Indian Youth
6. Inspiring Thoughts: Quotation Series
7. Turning Points: A Journey through Challenges
8. Indomitable Spirit
9. Spirit of India
10. My Journey: Transforming Dreams into Actions
11. Governance for Growth in India
12. Forge Your Future: Candid, Forthright, Inspiring
13. Beyond 2020: A Vision for Tomorrow’s India
14. The Guiding Light: A Selection of Quotations from My Favourite Books
APJ Abdul Kalam Awards and Honors:
The biography Of Abdul Kalam is not complete without awards and honors.
Among many accolades, including honorary doctorates from 40 universities, he was awarded the Padma Bhushan (1981), the Padma Vibhushan (1990), and therefore the Bharat Ratna (1997) – India’s highest civilian award – for his contributions to the modernization of government and presidency defense technology.
He also wrote several books including the autobiography Wings of Fire in 1999.
The End Of Biography Of Abdul Kalam:On July 27, 2015, Dr. Kalam died as a result of a monolithic heart attack while lecturing at the Indian Institute of Management. age of 83.
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