|Short Biography Of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam|
APJ Kalam (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam) was an Aerospace Scientist. So, let’s start reading the biography of Abdul Kalam…
Firstly, he joined the Indian Defense Department after completing graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology.
He was at the central point in the development program of the country’s nuclear capabilities. Therefore, he became a national hero in 1998 after a series of successful tests. Subsequently, Kalam served the country as the 11th President of India with effect from 2002 to 2007. In short, reading the biography of Abdul kalam may be a life-changing event for you.
APJ Abdul Kalam Education:
Despite being middle-class, his father built and leased boats. Kalam was a bright student who showed his skills in science and arithmetic. He attended Physics and Aerospace Engineering at St. Joseph’s College. After that, earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from Madras Institute of Technology.
Life Introduction Of APJ Abdul Kalam:
He spent four decades of his life as a scientist and science administrator, especially in (DRDO) and also the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). Moreover, he was deeply involved in India’s civil program and military missile development efforts.
However, his hopes of becoming a combat pilot were dashed when he missed a chance with the Indian Air Force. He then joined the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1958 as a senior scientific assistant.
Subsequently, he joined the newly formed Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1969, he was named the project director of the 1st satellite SLV-III. Launched a vehicle designed and built on Indian soil.
Meanwhile, he became called the ‘Missile Man of India’ for his work on the technological development of ballistic missiles and launch vehicle technology.
Moreover, Kalam played a vital organizational, technical and political role in India’s 2nd Pokhran nuclear test in 1998, the primary since the first nuclear test by India in 1974.
APJ Abdul Kalam As A President Of India (from 2002 to 2007):
In June 2002, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), which was in power in India at that time, expressed publicly to nominate Dr. Kalam for the presidency. After that, both the Samajwadi Party and therefore the Nationalist Congress Party supported his candidature for the next President of India.
However, after the Samajwadi Party announced its support for Kalam, KR Narayanan didn’t leave this post and seek a second term.
On June 18, Kalam together with Atal Bihari Vajpayee and his senior cabinet colleagues filed their nomination papers in the Parliament of India.
11th President of India:
Abdul Kalam was the third President of India who got the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honor before becoming President of India after Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1954) and Dr. Zakir Hussain (1963). He was also the first Indian scientist and first graduate who occupy the presidency.
During his period as president, he was dearly called the People’s President. After signing the office of the foremost difficult decision he had taken during his time period.
Article 72 of the Constitution of India gives the power to the President of India to grant pardon and suspend or appreciate the death sentence of the convicts on the execution.
APJ Abdul Kalam Controversial Decision:
However, perhaps the foremost notable argument was that of Afzal Guru, a Kashmiri terrorist who was convicted for an attack on the Indian Parliament in December 2001 and given the death penalty by the Supreme Court of India in 2004.
But, on 20 October 2006, he died as a result of pending action on his mercy petition. He also took one more controversial decision to bring down President’s decree in Bihar in 2005.
In September 2003, at PGI Chandigarh, Dr. Kalam supported the necessity for a Uniform Civil Code in the country keeping in mind the population of the country.
On 20 June 2007, When his tenure was about to end, Kalam expressed a desire to be the President in the second term. But after two days, he decided not to go to participate again in the presidential election.
APJ Abdul Kalam Books:
APJ Abdul Kalam Awards and Honors:
Among many accolades, including honorary doctorates from 40 universities, he was awarded:
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